A tax refers to a financial cost imposed by the government as a means of generating income for public expenditures. Among taxpayers, there is often a general sense of resentment towards being forced to pay taxes, but as that money goes towards funding all kinds of infrastructure that is used daily by millions, as well as health and safety institutions and social service programs, it’s a small price to pay.
The earliest known form of taxation was practiced by the ancient Egyptians about 5000 years ago. Historical documents discovered from that time indicate that the Pharoah would conduct regular tours of his kingdom to collect tithes, which is essentially a tax with a flat rate of 10%. Any citizens too poor to afford to pay tithes were subject to what is known as corvée, or forced labor serving the interests of the state. Over the years, systems of taxation have evolved in many directions all over the world. While many countries have similar methods of determining how much each citizen should contribute, the fundamental principles remain the same: the governing body of a nation works to promote progress and order by utilizing the taxes paid by its citizens as funding for various interests. In our nation, those interests are determined from the ground up by a series of democratically elected representatives.
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